Final report: PCM Report – Molecular pathology
Investigator: Loránd Kis
Molecular pathology is a branch of the biomedical sciences which focuses on the progress, development, and evolution of diseases on the molecular level. It can be applied practically to patients in addition to being utilized in biomedical research to learn more about specific diseases. Usually, molecular pathology is treated as a subspeciality of the field of pathology, but it also involves genetics, immunology, and many other aspects of the medical field, and people can approach it from a number of perspectives.
Precision medicine, also called “personalised medicine,” is defined by the National Cancer Institute as “a form of medicine that uses information about a person’s genes, proteins, and environment to prevent, diagnose, and treat disease.”
Personalised medicine in oncology emerged with the advent of molecularly targeted agents almost two decades ago and is mainly based today on the DNA molecular information of the patients’ tumors.